For most ancient texts such as the Bible, the exact dates of composition are unrecoverable. It is ironic that following the evidence to where it leads stops at the door of our public schools as they will not let a “Divine footprint” in! YES. Introduction. (function(d, s, id) { Below are the results of his research: The table illustrates that the Greek NT does extremely well with both the time gap (40 years) and the number of MSS (5795), as compared to all the other documents in the table. Would you go collect the money? Among these manuscripts there are papyrus fragments, which are the remains of the most ancient scrolls, and typically represent only a few pages of text. When originals are lost or no longer in existence it is usually due to the life span of the substance they were written on like papyrus, leather, or other biodegradable materials. Caesar’s firsthand account of the Gallic Wars has. With that in mind it is also important to look at other variables scholars consider when reviewing ancient documents like the Bible, one of the most important is called “textual criticism:” Textual criticism is a method used by scholars to decipher the meaning of the original texts or autographs from the manuscripts. To question the transmission accuracy of the NT texts we have today is to question all of ancient history. You will not find this material in the public school curriculum even though it is based on solid evidence and grounded in research. About 230manuscripts are referred to as“biblical Scrolls”. }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-ns4uxq0cp")); The truth is out there: Examining evidence for the Christian faith. ): 18,130+ Total Manuscripts: 23,986. to the the fifteenth century A.D. for the Old Testament, and the first to the fifteenth centuries A.D. for the New Testament. Manuscripts from medieval times, located at the library of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Jerusalem and at the National Library of France in Paris contain invisible text written by by Euripides (c. 480 – 406 BC), a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet and Aristotle (384 BCE – 322 BCE), a Greek philosopher, as well as a previously unknown ancient commentary on Aristotle. Just as Chemosh was the god of Moab, for example, Yahweh was the god of Israel ( Num 21:29 ; see also Judg 11:12 , Judg 11:24 , where Chemosh is a god of the Ammonites). Which is the “original” Bible? J. Warner Wallace, former Cold-Case Homicide Detective and Author of. Watch J. Warner Wallace, explain it a little better in this 3 minutes video clip…, “The interval between the dates of original composition and the earliest extant evidence becomes so small as to be in fact negligible, and the last foundation for any doubt that the Scriptures have come down substantially as they were written has now been removed. Above all you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. A Case for Creation: Introduction Part 1 – The importance of studying the Bible, A Case for the Bible: The importance of understanding the cumulative case, including the testimony of saved lives, when practicing Christian Apologetics, A Case for Creation and a study in Genesis, Evidence for the existence of a soul and a universal moral law. However, that does not mean that we cannot determine what the originals said based on the tens of thousands of manuscript copies we have to compare, dating from the fourth century B.C. : Give feedback, ask questions or send concerns in the comment section of the blog. The science of textual criticism has given us 100% certainty that what we have in our Bibles today is the original vox (meaning) and over 98% for the Old Testament and 99.5% for the New Testament in verba (words). Literary works are usually considered primary sources if written within a generation or century of the event. These are copies of works that are now part of the HebrewBible. We find additional Biblical documents all the time; our collection continues to grow. The more errors to compare in a multitude of manuscripts the more sure you are of the message—AND WE HAVE HAVE OVER 25,000 AND GROWING! –2 Peter 1:19-21. The Samaritan Pentateuch is a version of the Hebrew Torah (the first five books of the Old Testament) that was written in a special version of an early Hebrew script. The idea of a closed biblical“canon” only e… A New Testament uncial is a section of the New Testament in Greek or Latin majuscule letters, written on parchment or vellum.This style of writing is called Biblical Uncial or Biblical Majuscule.. New Testament uncials are distinct from other ancient texts based on the following differences: New Testament papyri – written on papyrus and generally more ancient In order to answer this question about the textual transmission of documents of the ancient world, historians look at the number of existing manuscript copies (MSS) of the original text and they look at the time gap between the earliest existing MSS and the date when the original document was written. Even within the eastern/western boundaries, manuscripts found in one region tend to differ from texts found in other regions. 1 While some of these manuscripts are small and fragmentary, the average size of a New Testament manuscript is 450 pages. The Dunhuang manuscripts date to between the 5th and 11th centuries A.D., and were sealed up in a chamber in a cave, hidden for about 900 years. Researchers hope to use the technology to peek inside other ancient documents too fragile to unwrap, like some of the Dead Sea Scrolls and papyrus scrolls carbonized in … Indeed, so extensive are these citations that if all other sources for our knowledge of the text of the New Testament were destroyed, they would be sufficient alone for the reconstruction of practically the entire New Testament.”  – Bruce Metzger, The Text of the New Testament, 126. We have 2,135 lectionaries that have been catalogued. You will not find this material in the public school curriculum even though it is based on solid evidence and grounded in research. 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