Tamil Nadu Ministry of Forests and Environment, Policy note 2006-2007, Demand 25, Dept. At the escarpment edge just east of Ibex Peak, the 2nd highest peak in the Palani Hills. The park area includes only reserve forest land, including Palni Hills Northern Slope East, Kallar, Palni Hills Southern Slope East, Upper Palni Shola, Allinagaram, and Palni Hills Northern Slope West Reserve Forests in the Dindigul[14] Mammals: Wild are common in areas away from human habitation and cultivation. ), 7. [8] The actual park boundaries have not been finalized. Anamudi is the highest peak of the Anaimalai Hills and also the tallest peak of the Western ghats located in the Idukki district of Kerala. The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The Palani Hills Conservation Council (PHCC) was formed by concerned residents in 1985 One of its first goals was to support and push for the creation of a national park or a wildlife sanctuary in the Palni Hills. (open 10 am to 6 pm) Phone : 91-4542-240287[51], 20 years on, Kodaikanal wildlife sanctuary yet to take shape, The Hindu, 1 September 2012, P. OPPILI and B. ARAVIND KUMAR, The Hindu, Frontline, Volume 20 - Issue 16, 02–15 August 2003, "On The Danger List" by Ian Lockwood, an excellent and comprehensive description of the Palani Hills, ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS DEPARTMENT, POLICY NOTE ON FOREST DEPARTMENT 2001-2002, DEMAND NO. Improvement of roads in the forest areas of Tamil Nadu. The Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a proposed protected area in Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu India. True to the misnamed origin of the peak it appears to be an ideal refuge for Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius). Contact: District Forest officer, Kodaikkanal Forest Division, Kodaikanal, Dindigal District, Tamil Nadu, India. Nokrek Peak is the highest point of the Garo Hills region of the State, Nokrek Peak stands 1412 metres above sea level. The Palani hills are most prominent towards the west, ranging from 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) to 2,553 metres (8,376 ft) (5,906 ft - 8,376 ft). pulneyensis: a succulent vine with waxy flowers endemic to Pambar Shola', Plectranthus bourneate: a succulent herb endemic to Pambar Shola, Trichoglottis tenera: an epiphytic orchid. [10] Zafar Futehally and M.S. There is also sound pollution, visual pollution, uncontrolled tourism, overdevelopment and lake eutrophication in and near Kodaikanal town. The range lies mostly within Dindigul district, except in the western portion, where it forms the boundary between Dindigul district and Theni district to the south and Idukki District to the south west. Phawngpui. [20], There are many waterfalls throughout the park which are popular tourist attractions. Raising shola seedlings for afforestation. In January, night temperatures sometimes drop below freezing, and thin ice is seen on lake edges in the early morning.[24]. Several little-known and endemic species of amphibians like Raorchestes dubois, Ghatixalus asterops, Micrixalus nigraventris, Indirana leptodactyla, Nyctibatrachus deccanensis and reptiles like Salea anamallayana, Hemidactylus anamallensis, Kaestlea palnica, Kaestlea travancorica, Ristella rurkii, Platyplectrurus madurensis, Teretrurus rhodogaster, Uropeltis pulneyensis, Uropeltis broughami, Uropeltis woodmasoni, Ahaetulla dispar, Boiga dightoni and Trimeresurus macrolepis occur in this sanctuary. Our survey found them still intact but under pressure as pine, wattle and even eucalyptus spread beyond their original plantation boundaries. Their ancient culture in this area is well documented,. [15], The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. Kurinjimala and Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuaries, Industries Department, POLICY NOTE - 2005-2006, DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND MINING, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, P.Thamizoli, K.Balasubramanian, M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai and P.Ignatius Prabakar, Department of Anthropology, University of Madras, Chennai (2003) ". Bicultural Versatility as a Frontier Adaptation among Paliyan Foragers of South India, by Dr. Peter Gardner, Edwin Mellen Press, 2000, Bellan, M.F. It’s 8,310 feet (2,533 metres) high and one of the highest peaks in Tamil Nadu. In 1906, the great undulating plateau on top of the Palanis comprising four forest ranges were consolidated under the Indian Forest Act of 1878 and designated by the British Government as a single reserve forest, from Kodaikanal town to the Kerala state border in the west and the Bodinayakkanur town limits to the south, and given the name of the Ampthill Downs. In the south the hills terminate The lower slopes of the hills now have coffee and tea plantations as well as teak forests of great economic value. The Government of Tamil Nadu and several local NGO conservation groups are actively working to reduce some of these threats: A sum of Rs.1327.50 lakhs has been released for this purpose during 2006-2007. [2], Coordinates: 10°12′N 77°28′E / 10.200°N 77.467°E / 10.200; 77.467, Learn how and when to remove this template message, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palani_Hills&oldid=999419062, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 02:05. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary in Kerala borders the southwestern corner of the park. Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]) lies at the extreme southwestern end of : a fern ally endemic to Pambar Shola, Selaginella sp. (2007) Projects & Programs 2007 - 2008, retrieved 9/2/2007. They are made of Dharwar igneous rocks. Palni Hills, range of hills, an eastward extension of the Western Ghats, in southwestern Tamil Nadu state, southern India. of Forests, page 49, Tamil Nadu Forest Dept. The Palani Hills Conservation Council, a non-governmental organization headquartered in Kodaikanal, was founded in 1985. During Dec-Feb it is between 8.1 to 18.6 °C (46.6 to 65.5 °F). The park will be an upgrade and expansion of the 736.87 km2 (PRO) Palani (Kodaikanal) Wildlife Sanctuary which was to be established in 2008. The nearest town is Munnar, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi). This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02. Satmala is a mountain range which runs across Nashik District, Maharashtra.They are an integral part of the Sahyadris range within Nashik. Maikal Hills: Situated in Chhattisgarh. Nilgiris Hills . Andhra Pradesh, with a summit elevation of 1,690 m. The Great Northern Plains stretch in an East-West direction for about 3,200 km. The ten most prominent peaks are: The hill station of Kodaikanal stands in a 2,195 m (7,202 ft) high basin at the southern edge of the central part. The Tamil speaking Pulayan are referred to as the MalaPulayans, a group categorized as scheduled caste by State government of Tamil Nadu. Eastern Ghats The villages and hamlets that now form part of the Palani Hills buffer zone are Poondi, Mannavanur, Kilavarai, Polur, Kavunchi, Kumbur, Kilanavayal, Kukkal, Pazhamputhur and Puthurpuram. Two views of the ramparts of Ibex Peak, at 2516 meters, the 2nd highest mountain in the Palani Hills. The hills may be divided into four distinct vertical zones comprising distinct Ecoregions with a wide diversity of Endemic species. The highest part of the range is in the southwest, and reaches 1,800-2,500 metres (5,906-8,202 feet) elevation; the eastern extension of the range is made up of hills 1,000-1,500 m (3,281-4,921 ft) high.[1]. Highest peak in Silent Valley National Park. Vandaravu peak is the highest peak in the Palani hills. The grassland component is now largely replaced by forest plantations of. the dry season, usually between January and March, during which rain is scarce and limited to around 10 rainy days, the air is crisp, dry and cold, and when ground frost occurs; The warm season of April and May when most tourists arrive for their holiday in the hills and when summer showers and rain may fall on 18 to 20 days; The Southwest monsoon season extends between June and September, with around 45 days of rainfall spread over the four months; The Northeast monsoon season from October through early December, when rain is abundant and occurs over 30 or more days. The park includes about 36% of the 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi) in the Palani Hills. The lower elevations of the Palani Hills between 250 to 1000 meters have the South Western Ghats’s moist deciduous forests ecoregion. [11]. These hills rise in steep escarpments to a high undulating plateau ranging from 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) to over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[12]. The total area of the region is 2068 sq.km and the range is mostly in the Dindigul district. Each kootam has its own deity, which is common to the entire group and once yearly the members of the same kootam assemble to worship the deity. In February 2010, tigers were sighted in Kodaikanal forests during a six-day carnivore signs survey. These are the crucial grasslands that have been identified to be saved from encroaching invasive species. The range lies mostly within Dindigul district, except in the western portion, where it forms the boundary between Dindigul district and Theni district to the south and Idukki Districtto … Height: 8310 Feet; Location: Palani hills, Tamil Nadu; This mountain is near the border with Kerala. These are the crucial grasslands that have been identified to be saved from encroaching invasive species. In the central Palani Hills at Kodaikanal, during March to May, the temperature range is between 10.1 to 20.9 °C (50.2 to 69.6 °F). Moist areas exist along the ravines and in the sheltered pockets of high elevation shola forests around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Two trees found in Pambar Shola, Ceropegia thwaitesii: vine, vulnerable, endemic to Pambar shola, Pimpinella pulneyensis: scarce, Exacum anamallayannum: gentian, only one other known location in Palni hills. Elephant Valley Organic Farm, retrieved 4/13/2007, VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources to IV - Habitat/Species Management Area, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, 20 years on, Kodaikanal wildlife sanctuary yet to take shape, "List of Proposed Wildlife Sanctuaries in India", "National Parks and Sanctuaries : Kodaikanal", "1.5.3. Their upgrade to Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park will increase their IUCN status from level VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources to IV - Habitat/Species Management Area or II - National Park and improve the habitat and wildlife conservation of the area. The Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, the Public Works Department and the local bodies are executing. The eastern end of the park is made of hills 1000–1500 m (3,281 ft - 4,921 ft) high. The increasingly important economic role of Eco-tourism, including: trekking, hiking, camping, mountaineering, rock climbing and bird watching may help the local populace to welcome this new Protected area. : a delicate creeping fern endemic to Pambar Shola, Psydraxficiformis: a tree, until recently thought extinct, Utleria salicifolia: only one clump known on the Palni hills, Elaeocarpus blascoi: a tree believed extinct until this year, Cyathea crinita: tree fern, highly endangered (Botanical Survey of India), Aeschynanthus perrottetii: known only from one other shola in the Palni hills, Eulophia sp. Threatened species in the park area include: Bengal tiger,Indian elephant, Indian leopard, gaur (wild ox), Nilgiri tahr and grizzled giant squirrel. Its small watershed on the short cut to the west coast of.. On the short cut to the misnamed origin of the range Kanni, further subdivided into 47 sub.. 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