The right bank side is also leveed from Guddu barrage to Lake Manchar. His birth name was Uday Chand means (Rising moon). The Shyok, Shigar and Gilgit rivers carry glacial waters into the main river. The Induan Age at start of the Triassic Period of geological time is named for the Indus region. (8) Bbitarfo thhaah. During his reign, the Greek explorer Scylax of Caryanda was commissioned to explore the course of the Indus. The extensive linking of tributaries with the Indus has helped spread water resources to the valley of Peshawar, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. [30] Earlier work showed that sand and silt from western Tibet was reaching the Arabian Sea by 45 million years ago, implying the existence of an ancient Indus River by that time. Irrigation itself is increasing soil salinization, reducing crop yields and in some cases rendering farmland useless for cultivation.[52]. [13][14] From the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the name passed to the Greeks as Indós (Ἰνδός). Sediment clogging from poor maintenance of canals has affected agricultural production and vegetation on numerous occasions. Agriculture is sustained largely due to irrigation works. Sindh is essentially part of the Indus River delta and has derived its name from that river, which is known in Pakistan as the Sindhu. During the 2nd millennium BC, the Punjab region was mentioned in the Rigveda hymns as Sapta Sindhu and in the Avesta religious texts as Hapta Hindu (both terms meaning "seven rivers"). Sindhi romanisation or Latinization of Sindhi is a system for representing the Sindhi language using the Latin script. There is an Indus site on the Amu Darya at Shortughai in northern Afghanistan, and the Indus site Alamgirpur at the Hindon River is located only 28 km (17 mi) from Delhi. The flow of the river is also determined by the seasons – it diminishes greatly in the winter, while flooding its banks in the monsoon months from July to September. What does your number mean? Around 3000 B.C, Dravidian cultures urbanized and gave rise to the Indus Valley Civilization. [33], The Indus river dolphin (Platanista indicus minor) is found only in the Indus River. Irrigation canals were first built by the people of the Indus Valley Civilisation, and later by the engineers of the Kushan Empire and the Mughal Empire. The Indus Valley Civilisation extended from across northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India,[25] with an upward reach from east of Jhelum River to Ropar on the upper Sutlej. [36] This includes including pomfret and prawns. The Indus Basin Irrigation System is the "largest contiguous irrigation system developed over the past 140 years" anywhere in the world. [3] It flows through China (western Tibet), India, and Pakistan. So, there is definitely more to the Sindhi community as it is shown in Bollywood or in rather offensive jokes about the miserly behaviour as there are over 200 charities run by the Sindhis around the globe. Damming has also isolated the delta population of Indus river dolphins from those further upstream. The chant Jhule Lal Jhule Lal is considered the "clarion call" of Sindhi Hindus. Sindhis are inhabitants of Sind (or Sindh), the region of arid plains and deserts located along the lower course of the Indus River as it flows on its journey from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea. Via Latin from Greek India, from Indos, the name of the Indus River, from Persian Hind, from Sanskrit sindhu ‘river’, specifically ‘the Indus’, also ‘the region around the Indus’ (compare with Sindhi). In the Rigveda, notably in the later hymns, the meaning of the word is narrowed to refer to the Indus river in particular, e.g. Reported 18 August 2009", "SEPA orders polluting factory to stop production", "Fishing poison killing Indus dolphins, PA told", "Threat to dolphin: Govt bans fishing between Guddu and Sukkur", "Almost all plastic in the ocean comes from just 10 rivers - 30.11.2017", "Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea", "Asia flooding plunges millions into misery", "Pakistan issues flooding 'red alert' for Sindh province", "BBC News – Pakistan floods: World Bank to lend $900m for recovery", "BBC News – Millions of Pakistan children at risk of flood diseases", "Pakistan floods: Oxfam launches emergency aid response", Government of Pakistan Pakmet.com.pk Retrieved on 19 September 2011, "PM okays Indus river barrage to mitigate water woes", "Center announces Rs125bn Sindh barrage project", "Government to launch Kandhkot-Ghotki bridge over River Indus next month: Sindh CM", "Restore Pakistan's rivers, handle floods, droughts and climate change", "Pakistan: Getting More from Water (see Page 50)", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law, Indus River watershed map (World Resources Institute), First raft and kayak descents of the Indus headwaters in Tibet, Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting's project on water issues in South Asia, Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Inventions of the Indus Valley Civilisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indus_River&oldid=1000402099, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia external links cleanup from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sênggê Zangbo, Senge Khabab) or "Lion's Mouth", a perennial spring, not far from the sacred Mount Kailash marked by a long low line of Tibetan chortens. To date, over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Ghaggar-Hakra River and its tributaries. In Sanskrit, the province was dubbed Sindhu meaning an ocean. The Tibetan Plateau contains the world's third-largest store of ice. Sindh has been formed by a mostly deserted area, the natural resources available, and constant foreign influence. [71], The entire left bank of Indus river in Sind province is protected from river flooding by constructing around 600 km long levees. The Indus river provides the key water resources for the economy of Pakistan - especially the Breadbasket of Punjab province, which accounts for most of the nation's agricultural production, and Sindh.The Five rivers after which Punjab is named are the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and the Sutlej.The river also supports many heavy industries and provides the main supply of potable water in Pakistan. Before globalisation in the late 90s, Ulhasnagar was famous for producing anything under the sun for almost half the market prices and till today is one of Asia’s biggest pre-furniture, clothing and firecracker markets. In fact, the name Indus is an anglicised version of Sindhu which also gave rise to the words Hindu, Hindustan, and India. The Indus River provides key water resources for Pakistan's economy – especially the breadbasket of Punjab province, which accounts for most of the nation's agricultural production, and Sindh. Video of River Indus at Kotri Barrage, Sindh, Pakistan. 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