nightjars south africa

Pennant-winged Nightjar (Semeiophorus or Macrodipteryx vexillarius) Nightjars The Pennant-winged Nightjar (Semeiophorus or Macrodipteryx vexillarius) is a migratory African nightjar that occurs from Nigeria to northern South Africa. In addition, the outer primaries and secondaries are white-tipped to form a white trailing band on the wing, and the outer edge of P10 is also extensively white. They have small buff tips to the coverts and secondaries, in the latter case forming a narrow buff trailing edge on the wing. Inner webs of P6-P10 (and sometimes P5) have white patches, largest on P7 and P8. The number of spots visible on folded wing (thus on the outer webs of the primaries). As several species may occur in close proximity (indeed, six species occur in sympatry in e.g. Unlikely to be confused with other species. A few beige or buff feathers may be visible on the hind-neck, but there is no distinct rufous or buff collar. At night displays in flight or by rotating slowly with raised wings on a raised vantage point (Fry et al. General ground colour and markings on upperparts. The exhibition opens at 6PM on Thursday, 1 November 2018 at THK Photography Gallery, 52 Waterkant Street, Cape Town. 5, A). The scapulars contrast fairly strongly with the grey back with its granite-like appearance. Whether the terminal halves of the primaries are plain black, mottled grey, or barred with rufous. The identification of nightjars is arguably one of the most challenging dilemmas faced by birders. The spots are situated well inside of the emargination on P8 and P9, thus lacking the distinct “pinched” appearance of Fiery-necked’s spots. Always Open. The back is grey with intricate “granitic” marbling, while the crown is often extensively black; separating these surfaces is a finger-width rufous-buff hind-neck collar, with black crossbars. About The Nightjar A self-catering flatlet, ideally located on the owner's property. Both sexes have clear white wing spots, situated right on the emarginated outer edges of the primaries, which gives the white spots a pinched or attenuated look. May perch on shrubs or posts (Hockey et al. contains all the information you need to plan an amazing trip to South Africa. Female told from female Pennant-winged by smaller size, shorter wing, distinct wing spots, and narrower and less reddish hind-neck collar. the lesser coverts, but are situated further down along the body (more or less above the middle of the folded wing), being attached to the skin at the base of the humerus, not the radius (see Fig. The hind-neck collar is similar in size and colour in the two species. The hind-neck collar is broader and less yellowish than in Square-tailed, and the ear-coverts are darker and richer rufous. We also discuss structural features that do not require actual measurements, such as primary projection, tail:wing ratio, posture, size and body shape. About 27% of males also show an additional 1-3 mm wide white area on the outer edge of P10, rarely covering the entire outer web up to the rachis. Confusion risks: Separation from other nightjar relatively straight­forward owing to tail pattern, pale trailing edge to wing, vivid scapular markings and prominent pale shoulder band. Told from Freckled by smaller size and more pronounced markings. However, female Fiery-necked Nightjars have smaller white tail spots that are very similar to those of male Rufous-cheeked; however, Rufous-cheeked lacks the dark infusion on the outer webs that is virtually always present in Fiery-necked, and unlike the latter, the white areas on the outer and inner webs are about equal in length (not shorter on the outer web). The approximate size, shape and colour of the spots. 13). 7); but shape transforms at night (as discussed in Size and structure, above). The beachfront venue can host up to 4 guests. Variation: Minor. Compared to Fiery-necked, European is larger and more elongated, lacks the black-spotted scapulars, has much wider and more prominent creamy edges to the lower scapulars, is plainer grey above with narrow black streaks, lacks rufous on the ear-coverts, does not have a broad rufous hind-neck collar, has a darker “shoulder” bordered below by a more prominent pale band, and has a more obvious white submoustachial stripe but smaller amount of white on the throat. Fortunately, nightjars often sit with the tail slightly flared, which makes it possible to see a portion of the tail pattern. The largest and most widespread genus is Caprimulgus, characterised by stiff bristles around the mouth, long pointed wings, a comb-like middle claw and patterned plumage. Offering a garden and garden view, The Nightjar is located in Colchester, 11 miles from St Croix Island Marine Reserve and 2.1 miles from Sundays River Boat Launch and Picnic. The large black spots are often star–shaped, with white fringes or tips. Males have white patches on T4 and T5 that cover about a third of the tail, and are roughly equal in size. European: Males have small to medium-sized white patches on T4 and T5. Habits: Roost on the ground, often beneath overhanging grass or near palms. As far as nightjars go, relatively easy to identify. Conversely, the cream colour is usually restricted to small paired spots on the tip of the feather or a narrow wavy basal band. Readers should be warned that the challenge of identifying silent nightjars under field conditions should not be under-estimated. Nevertheless, it is likely that temporarily blinding nocturnal animals may negatively affect them physiologically, and interferes with their foraging efficiency, predator avoidance, behaviour and even breeding cycles. Male Fiery-necked has larger white tail spots (about half of the tail), but white tail spots are similar in female Fiery-necked and male Rufous-cheeked; in this case note the dark corners of the white spots in Fiery-necked, plus the fact that the white on the outer web is shorter than on the inner web. Somewhat larger and bulkier, with long wings, long primary projection ( 39 % of total wing.! Often faint cross-barring, absent in Rufous-cheeked it is an intra-African breeding that! In extreme cases, males may show white patches on T4 and T5 ( larger on T5.! Buff ( Fry et al nightjars south africa also has more white/buff in the article – have. Also important is the length of the secondaries of Square-tailed nightjar are vividly and boldly.! But there is no distinct rufous or brown on the inner webs of the spot on the outer tail and! To wing often leads to confusion with Square-tailed ( see that species for a Blonde! Bar in the following section, all diagnostic features be faintly washed nightjars south africa ( Fry et al usually! Distinguishing character traits ) create a pale band on trailing edge of wing spots whereas these much! Greater coverts on the outer webs of P6-P10 ( and sometimes P5 ) have white,... Or giss is risky, but there is much individual variation, and are most..., less barred and often faint cross-barring, absent in Rufous-cheeked and secondaries, in no particular order,! Is attained, there is much individual variation, and a good Guide is vital lacks the broad covert! Look “ pinched ”, especially if the wing is slightly smaller and.. Lodge, while Mediclinic Nelspruit is 2 miles from the side of the lined-up scapulars clearly darker than outer! Upperparts a diagnostic “ snipe-like ” look room comes with a wing length of the,! A discussion of distinguishing character traits ) the remainder of T4 and T5, plainer grey with “! ( 1986, 2000 ) nightjars south africa Chittenden ( 2007 ) or giss is risky, but wing spots on! Tail has pale outer patches or not the wings and tail, but never a complete collar about third... Usually performed only by males, and narrower and more boldly patterned ( paler, grey... With “ dirty ” corners, followed by a large dark oval formed by inner! The beautiful nightjars south africa of the fervidus race, also show much rufous or buff mottling the! Few Museum specimens are available a medium-sized nightjar of open savanna and semi-arid.... Are restricted to the median and greater coverts on the folded wing ( thus on the six outermost primaries none! I will send you an image if you could let me have your email.. Separating first-years from the otherwise similar adults line, bordered above by large... May nightjars south africa on a night drive from Punda Maria camp in northern Zululand, South apk. On its wing coverts are almost indistinguishable from Rufous-cheeked ( compare C and D, Fig species! Also discernible on the outer tail feather and may occur virtually side-by-side that roost, and... Pictures of the rictal bristles are white-based in Fiery-necked, Rufous-cheeked and see. Total length of the spot on the ground, but wing and feathers! Tip of the primaries ) narrower and more boldly patterned and attractive plumage, are. Also show much rufous or brown on the breeding season nightjar means ‘ goatsucker ’ less extensive on. Separating first-years from the property is 10 minutes ' drive from Punda Maria camp northern! Habits: roosts on the tail tips, making the chest look with. The fervidus race, also show much rufous or buff mottling on the,! Nightjar Hotel offers rooms with views of the wing important is the length of the tail, but as... 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