Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Unlike other Grecian kings, Spartan Kings had very little power and did not have an autocratic rule over day-to-day life. It was governed by a system that comprised elements of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. Jimmy fans real nMe; VIP Elite PCh Glim 50,000.00 Tokens Glim $10,000.000.00 Gwy no16000 Glim $1,000,000.00 Gwy 11812 Glim $750,000.00 Gwy no15000 AnaRosenbohm; On the Visit screen, you will not see one of the following: Select one: a.  Ephors themselves had more power than anyone in Sparta, although the fact that they only stayed in power for a single year reduced their ability to conflict with already established powers in the state. Subsequently the two chiefs from the largest villages became kings. The other exception was that sons of helots could be enrolled as syntrophoi (comrades, literally "the ones fed, or reared, together") if a Spartiate formally adopted him and paid his way. * What did they have. Had the Romans faced the Spartans they would have beaten them by some new strategy but the Spartans would have held out until the last man. What would happen to boys at age 7 in Sparta? Sparta also had a council that created laws. There were three types of government in Ancient Greece: an oligarchy, monarchy, and a democracy. The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and the Eurypontid families, both descendants of Heracles and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague, though the Agiad king received greater honour by virtue of seniority of his family for being the "oldest extant" (Herod. But the Spartans were the best warriors in all of Greece. Sparta also had a council that created laws. What type of government did Sparta have? Sparta was very much a farming state, the Spartan family home was simple and basic, and represented the similarly fashioned Greek farming housing of the time. According to Aristotle, Sparta had a government comprised of three systems, the monarchical, oligarchic and democratic. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. However, their small length did make them only useful for breaking into an enemy's phalanx. recent questions recent answers. Some theorize that this system was created in order to prevent absolutism, and is paralleled by the analogous instance of the dual consuls of Rome. It can be considered a monarchy, but the main part it is considered is a totalitarian. In the pre-Classical period, ancient Greece was … ATHENS The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. They had a central role in the Spartan economy, controlling commerce and business, as well as being responsible for crafts and manufacturing. A monarchy was governed by only one person. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. This was meant as a supreme honor. After the ephors were introduced, they, together with the two kings, were the executive branch of the state. The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. Other theories suggest that this was an arrangement that was met when a community of villages combined to form the city of Sparta. An oligarchy is where a few citizens have a say in the government in common? AM I THE " WINNER " OF THIS CHANCE OF A LIFETIME TO LIVE AND " ENJOY " ONCE IN A LIFETIME WITHOUT SUFFERING LONE BECAUSE, I HAVE LOST A GREAT ( " LEARDER,MOTHER, AND … A Spartan citizen in good standing (a Spartiate) was one who maintained his fighting skills, showed bravery in battle, ensured that his farms were productive, was married and had healthy children. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. Only those who had successfully undertaken military training, called the agoge, and who were members in good standing of syssitia (mess hall), were eligible. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … These monarchs were particularly powerful when one of them led the army on campaign. The Council of Elders consisted of two kings and 28 other men. Another theory suggests that the two royal houses represent respectively the Spartan conquerors and their Achaean predecessors: those who hold this last view appeal to the words attributed by Herodotus (v. 72) to Cleomenes I: "I am no Dorian, but an Achaean"; although this is usually explained by the (equally legendary) descent of Aristodemus from Heracles. Hoplite soldiers (Chigi Vase, ca. What type of government did Sparta and Athens have? What Type of Government Did Athens Have? I285a), Here also, however, the royal prerogatives were curtailed over time. By 500 BC the Spartans had become increasingly involved in the political affairs of the surrounding city-states, often putting their weight behind pro-Spartan candidates. Only Males over 60 years of age. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 25, 2020 4:28:25 PM ET. iii. You may have heard that ancient Greece invented democracy, but democracy was only one type of government employed by the Greeks, and when it first evolved, many Greeks thought it a bad idea.. Dating from the period of the Persian wars, the king lost the right to declare war, and was accompanied in the field by two ephors. They thought of themselves as Greeks. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. One person ruled in monarchies and tyrannies. ", Another version of the rhetra is given by H. Michell:. Although the five ephors were the only officials with regular legitimization by popular vote, in practice they were often the most conservative force in Spartan politics. Others in the state were the Perioeci or Períoikoi, a social class and population group of non-citizen inhabitants. They also had … 800 BCE to 600 BCE . Kings-2 of them, hereditary monarchs (members of two royal families), headed a council of elders. Yahoo fait partie de Verizon Media. Either way, kingship in Sparta was hereditary and thus every king Sparta had was a descendant of the Agiad and the Eurypontid families. Answer this question. One king would stay at the city-state and rule as a all powerful ruler, while the second king would be the main leader of Sparta's army. Spartan society can be represented by a three-layer pyramid ruled by the government. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. It sponsors the first Olympic Games in 776 BCE, and, during the same decade, Homer’s landmark epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey are first committed to writing. What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. Spartan Government . They were citizens of conquered states, such as Messenia who were conquered for their fertile land during the First Messenian War. Not only were Sparta and Athens military rivals during those years, they also had radically different forms of government. All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. 5). Fergus O'Brien/Taxi/Getty Images. Fergus O'Brien/Taxi/Getty Images. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. an oligarchy. Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Athens had leaders such as Pericles, but it was not absolute rule as Sparta was. The Spartans spoke Greek. Sparta's government was an oligarchy. Spartiates were full citizens of the Spartan state (or part of the demos). Furthermore, though the government of Sparta worked very well for the Spartans they were not capable of exporting it. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. Council of Elders-28 of them, citizens over the age of 60, presented laws to the assembly. Pour autoriser Verizon Media et nos partenaires à traiter vos données personnelles, sélectionnez 'J'accepte' ou 'Gérer les paramètres' pour obtenir plus d’informations et pour gérer vos choix. No. Googleusercontent search. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. However, just before the heat of battle, King Demaratus changed his mind about attacking the Athenians and abandoned his co-king. Sparta also had a council that created laws. There was no argument about that. Isocrates refers to the Spartans as "subject to an oligarchy at home, to a kingship on campaign" (iii. Monarchy - A single ruler like a king. In fact, the Spartans ma… This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Issuance of coinage was forbidden. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. The duties of the kings were primarily religious, judicial, and militaristic. Modern scholars have advanced various theories to account for the anomaly. While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of government in which all full citizens -- called "homoioi" -- were expected to participate. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to … Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. Spartan Government. Real power was transferred to the ephors and to the gerousia. Tweet. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. These men had much military experience and rarely visited their wives and children. All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Athens and Sparta were the two largest city-states and they had many wars and battles. Finally, Sparta also had a governmental council known as the ephorate. 24). They thought of themselves as Greeks. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to … Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. On the other hand, Sparta's government at its peak never was as democratic as Athens at its. Sparta had government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the Apella (assembly of equals – all Spartan men over the age of 30). A Spartan kings’ duties were classified as religious, military, judicial roles. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. The kings ruled Sparta, unlike Athens who was a democracy with a large council of 50 people from each of their 10 tribes in the city state. How could Sparta compete with that? Find answers now! Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and wisdom, and did not force people to join the military. Further, Sparta did not consider that autonomy included the right of a city to choose democracy over Sparta's preferred form of government. What kind of government did Sparta have? Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. The Spartans had no historical records, literature, or written laws, which were, according to tradition, expressly prohibited by an ordinance of Lycurgus, excluding the Great Rhetra. Sparta’s government What did Greek government do? Civil cases were decided by the ephors, and criminal jurisdiction had been passed to the ephors, as well as to a council of elders. What kind of person was allowed on the council of Sparta? Type of government Sparta had The Great Rhetra Positions held for life in Sparta How ephors obtained their positions Council the kings of Sparta sat on Skills Practiced. The Spartans like many Greek states would have favourite gods, the ones who merged most effortlessly with their lifestyle, their mantra and their ethics. Sparta did not experience the same changes in government that Athens and other citystates experienced. He was supplanted also by the ephors in the control of foreign policy. This type of government is called an oligarchy. The Spartan shield was mainly used for defensive purposes, however it was common for the Spartans to bash thier shield into enemies, causing them to become disoriented and confused. The wealth, power, and cultural influence of Athens increases steadily in the 9th and 8th centuries BCE. Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis. The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. Sources . All citizens in ancient Greece were warriors. Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. Googleusercontent search. Document outlining the structure of ancient Spartan government, Structure of Spartan society and government, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartan_Constitution&oldid=1000070501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 12:05. As the head figure of religion in Sparta, the kings were the priests of Zeus, Lacedaemonis and Zeus Uranius. The Spartans spoke Greek. One king would stay at the city-state and rule as a all powerful ruler, while the second king would be the main leader of Sparta's army. This article is part of the series: But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. They were the chief priests of the state, and performed certain sacrifices and also maintained communication with the Delphic sanctuary, which always exercised great authority in Spartan politics. Trophimoi ("foster sons") were foreign teenagers invited to study. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. The divine proclamation, which he received in this manner, is known as a "rhetra" and is given in part by Plutarch as follows: Plutarch provides by way of explanation: "In these clauses, the "phylai" and the "obai" refer to divisions and distributions of the people into clans and phratries, or brotherhoods; by "archagetai" the kings are designated, and "appellazein" means to assemble the people, with a reference to Apollo, the Pythian god, who was the source and author of the polity. From two separate families branch of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians and abandoned co-king... 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