Relevance. I’ve read various recommendations on tank size — anywhere from 20 to 50 gallons — but I believe it’s more an issue of dimensions (grazing area) than gallons. This is due to its size; the fish needs a spacious … Rather, this catfish species belong to the closely related genus— Sturisoma, which is a genus of armored catfishes indigenous to freshwater habitats in Central and South America. Next, it’s time to add some wood. Required fields are marked *. Stick Catfish/Common Farlowella (Farlowella acus) Origin: Wild Colombia Diet: Algae and biofilm grazer Adult Size: 6-7″ Recommended Tank Size: 30 gallons Compatibility: Generally peaceful towards tankmates. Tank Size . Generally, they do not eat healthy plants and usually leave them alone. Keep Royal Farlowella away from all types of crayfish and crabs because of their nippy nature. A lot of the time when you purchase these fish they’re already three to five inches in length. There is also a lot of algae and nutrients that can be found on these plants as well. The … Usual size in fish tanks: 12 - 15 cm (4.72 - 5.91 inch) 0 14. Starting off with a dark and soft substrate is best. I’m Michael and this is the place where I nerd out about shrimp. That said, Sturisoma are fussier than Rineloricaria whiptails. Species: Sturisoma panamense. Sexing [edit | edit source] A male F. acus has a broader snout with short bristles. Order: Siluriformes Difficulty. Once you see that rocks are turning green, take a few a place them in the tank to feed the Royal Farlowella fry. The Royal Farlowella Catfish (Sturisoma sp.) For more information, read my article “Low Oxygen in Aquarium Water”. Jump to: navigation, search. You’ll be spending a lot of time making sure everything stays consistent! The Royal Farlowella (Sturisoma panamense), also known as the Twig or Whiptail Catfish, is a member of the Loricariidae family of South American suckermouth catfishes. Royal Farlowella Catfish is characterized by pronounced sexual dimorphism: 1. Lots of aquarists keep dwarf shrimp and Royal Farlowella in the same tank. Plants and rocks should be utilized but numerous hiding spaces are not required. In the aquarium, The tank should be adorned with rockworks and, So do not forget to perform regular water changes to get rid of excess. Doing so will go a long way in helping them thrive and live a happy and healthy life. Freshwater pH. The first dorsal fin of the male Royal Farlowella Catfish is extremely long. Twig catfish prefer waters with a LOT of plants in them. This will help you keep the conditions of the tank more stable and give them a dietary routine. The problem is that Royal Farlowella fry grow pretty fast and their digestion system need fibers (cellulose) right from the beginning. Because of their shy and peaceful nature, you need to be very careful when selecting tank mates for twig catfish. Twig catfish care is a bit interesting. The family Loricariidae includes both genuses plus other armour-plated catfish. Royal Farlowella do not compete well with other fish species. They don’t tolerate very cool water. The Royal Farlowella Catfish is a docile bottom-dwelling species, and this fish will rarely bother its tankmates. This is partly due to their temperament, but it’s also helpful from a camouflage perspective (it’s hard to convince predators that you’re a stick if you’re moving all the time). Otherwise, if there is a large bacterial load in the water they’ll wipe out immediately. Good maintenance practices will guarantee the longevity of your Catfish. 1. The Royal Farlowella Catfish is a sucker mouth catfish that may also be referred to as the Panama Sturisoma. Author Note: These aren’t a fish where you can expect them to grow to fit the size of their tank. Recommended water hardness (dGH): 3 - 8°N (53.57 - … Beginners will love this Catfish since it requires minimal care and attention, and it is likely to attain a long lifespan if favorable conditions for growth are adequately met. We can also stimulate them by making a series of changes with a little bit cooler water (1 – 2 degrees). Keep Royal Farlowella away from all types of. Common name: Twig catfish. Notably, after the male must have secured a comfortable spot in the tank, the female will now proceed to mate with him. Scientific name: Farlowella vittata. These fish won’t attempt to breed if they think it’s an unsuitable environment, and the added stress of suboptimal living conditions can mess with their bodies as well. Another way to provide the fry with more food is to put the rearing tank under 24 hours of light in advance. Farlowella catfish are pretty shy and can be spooked fairly easily. 132 Litres (35 US G.) Size. The first 2 weeks are the most important ones. By now you should have a firm understanding of what it takes to provide good twig catfish care. Minimum Tank Size 30 gallons Compatibility View Chart. Size: 160mm or 6.3" SL. Minimum Tank Size 50 gallons What do these Quick Stats mean? The twig is one of our favorite catfish species and we want to see more aquarists keeping them with success. Use any fertilizer to grow plants in a tank. If they do not get the necessary nutrition during this period of time, they will start dying at 3-4 weeks old. pH Range – 6.5 – 7.5. This unique fish can be added to most kinds of. In fact, this is definitely the safest pairing out there! Aquariumbreeder.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, chewy.com, and and other Affiliate programs. Twig catfish are very mellow and peaceful fish. The average twig catfish size is 6 inches in length at most.Their size is impacted by genetic factors as well as the quality of care they receive when they’re young. These impressive catfish proved to be easier to keep than Farlowella, they breed in captivity quite readily, and the farmed specimens in particular are not hard to maintain. This will allow them to have plenty of space to roam and make it a bit easier for you to maintain their very specific water parameters. To put it in a nutshell, on the one hand,... Hi everyone! Like many of the other fish within the Loricariidae family, they have a … In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. Regardless, it’s best to keep mostly non-aggressive, midwater fish with the Royal Farlowella to prevent competition for food at the lower levels. Twig Catfish Quick Stats Minimum Tank Size: 20 Gallons (80 Litres) Care Level: Difficult Water Conditions: PH 6.0-7.0 Soft to Moderately Hard Temperature: 75-79°F (24-26°C) Maximum Size: 6 inches (15 cm) The name twig catfish (Farlowella) is an umbrella term used for at least 37 species of catfish, but usually only two of these species are found in the aquarium trade: … They need a spacious tank, good water quality, and plenty of oxygen to do well. The species name hints at its sturgeon-like elongated body which makes it stand out from other catfish varieties. Note: Even though high lighting will significantly increase the growth of algae, I would NOT recommend that if you are new to this hobby! While many suckermouth catfish species have yet to be bred on any major scale in aquariums, the Royal Farlowella has been bred by … If you want to have your Farlowella catfish around as long as possible you need to make sure their habitat is optimal. In three weeks, the fry will grow to 3 – 3.5 cm (1 – 1.5 inches) and we can start giving whole pills for the catfish. The twig catfish is a species that needs attentive care in order to maintain optimal health. You can read more about it in my articles: How to Blanch Сucumbers and Zucchini for Shrimp, Snails and Fish the Right Way Click here for more information . Alison has been interested in fish and aquariums for over five years. Royal Farlowella Catfish. As long as you have a good understanding of the kind of environment they come from you can use that as a guide going forward. I wanted to show off my new acquisitions when I got home, but I was soon cut down to size. Even though more than 70% of their diet is plant food, they will not harm aquatic plants, unless they are very hungry. Readily identifiable by its short blunt rostrum. There is no need to keep scattering food all over the tank. A … Do not forget about boiled vegetables. Otocinclus catfish are great at cleaning up algae on plants, and grow to a maximum of two inches! Put it in the rearing tank, where the fry can scrape it off. The twig catfish is one of the more unique looking freshwater fish out there. The color is light. Put there a lot of small rocks like marble chips and ceramic filter media (The rocks should be clean and aquarium safe, of course). This means it’s usually a good idea to have an adult-sized tank ready for them from day one. Whiptail Catfish, Twig Catfish Additional scientific names Acestra acus, Farlowella scolopacina, Loricaria scolopacina. They are can be paired with fish species like Guppies, Platys, Corydoras catfish, Rasboras, Bristlenose Plecos, Neon tetras, Swordtails, Pygmy Cories, Otocinclus Catfish, Panda Garra, etc. They’re long and thin and can very easily be mistaken for a tiny stick if you don’t know what you’re looking for. 3.are they good algae eaters? Royal Farlowella Catfish features an adult size of about 5” – 8” (12 -20 centimeters), typically 6” (15 centimeters). Absolutely not! These help to maintain good water quality and ensure best health condition of your Catfish. Having a solid ratio of females to males is always smart because it cuts down on aggression and increases the odds of overall success. A tank without any will seem like foreign territory to them. If you have a freshwater aquarium and you're experienced in keeping the conditions in your tank perfect and well-maintained, you might fancy Royal Farlowella is loved by aquarists because of its ease of care, the species is easier to maintain than most whiptails. All Products; Fluke 170 Series They also like to attach themselves to various pieces of wood (which are also present in their native waters). Farlowella: erected by Carl and Rosa Eigenmann (1889) as replacement for Acestra Kner, 1853, the name honours the American … usually the glass walls of the tank. link to Snails and Shell Problems. These neat creatures have their own special charm, and it’s why so many aquarists are interested in getting one. It is important to add them only in a well-established tank with sufficient size and water volume to support their need. As a matter of fact, we like to see these fish in a tank even larger than 40 gallons. Preferred Water Parameters pH: 6.5 – 7.5 Temp: 76-80F The fish needs highly oxygenated aquarium water since it comes from a place of rich oxygenation, hence such conditions should be replicated in the freshwater tank it inhabits. For example (links to Amazon): There are lots of conflicting information on the Internet regarding driftwood and this species. I've read they need a 90 cm tank but would they be able to live in an 81 cm tank with 1 x African Butterfly Fish 1 x Peacock Goby 1 x Khuli Loach and 4 x Boeseman's Rainbow Fish . 4. Temperature: Royal Farlowella will appreciate waters with an optimal temperature 72 – 79 °F (22 – 26 C). Twig catfish, whiptail catfish, Farlowella sp. Follow. According to the study, only a limited number of fish were reported to actively graze on Staghorn algae (Compsopogon sp.) Farlowella acus is the type species of a genus of armored catfish commonly known as the twig catfish or whiptail catfish. Ideally – 24/7. Twig catfish - Farlowella vittata. The first dorsal fin of the male Royal Farlowella Catfish is extremely long. Indian Almond Leaves and Alder Cones in a Shrimp Tank. Royal whiptail / farlowella catfish tank size? These serve as places to hide and attach themselves to by using their suckermouths. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. Indian Almond Leaves and Alder Cones in a Shrimp Tank. Amazon basin, Venezuela General Body Form: Very elongate and slender. The twig catfish (aka Farlowella catfish) is a freshwater species that gets its name from the obvious resemblance to a thin stick. Sharing is caring! So do not forget to perform regular water changes to get rid of excess nitrates in the tank water, clean the substrate from time to time, and remove uneaten food and decaying plant matter that are capable of ruining the water quality. Class: Actinopterygii Depending on the size and age of the female, she can lay from 30 up to 150 eggs in small clusters on flat surfaces e.g. When she's not writing about fish you can find her hiking, swimming, and doing yoga. The most important thing to remember when trying to encourage this species to breed is to maintain top-notch water quality. For example, for the first two weeks, it can be these or similar products (links to check the price on Amazon): However, I repeat – only as a powder. Tank Raised! Lastly, Royal Farlowella has an average lifespan of 8-10 years and this is a soft spot for aquarists that consider longevity over many other factors. They look like little ancient sticks that were scattered around the aquarium. Location. They have thin and mostly clear pectoral and anal fins that stick out to the side of their body when they’re laying on a surface (which they often are). meatier foods like live or frozen bloodworms. Sold Out. Rare. Farlowella Catfish. Favorite Answer. The recommended tank size for twig catfish is around 35 to 40 gallons. What I saw twice is “jockeying” for position between two F. vittata males on the side of the glass where the eggs were last laid. Family: Loricariidae. So, they have trouble weaving around things to get to places. Scientific name: Farlowella amazonum. Royal Farlowella can be kept in groups— following a stocking ratio of 1:2 (one male to two female). No, it is not. We can use rocks in a separate container. firstname.lastname@example.org. Scientific Name: Farlowella vittata Min. Fill it with water. Wood also serves as a hiding place where they can be alone if needed (crucial for keeping stress levels low). Siphoned off all excess food before refeeding. Even a very active and curious small fish that has no aggressive tendencies can be enough to spook your Farlowella and keep them in a constant state of stress. Sexing: Males develop fairly long breeding odontodes along the sides of the rostrum. This guide will teach you everything you need to know about twig catfish care. pH: The Catfish will thrive best in tank water with pH values 6.5 – 7.5. Water Conditions: PH 6.0-7.0 Soft to Moderately Hard. So, keep that also in mind before introducing them to a community tank. This could be due to their scaley, armored bodies. is a sucker mouth catfish that is found in the fast flowing rivers and streams of South America and referred to by many tropical fish keeping enthusiasts as the Panama Sturisoma, Royal Whiptail Farlowella, or Royal Whiptail Catfish.. By feeding on algae and biofilm they also rasp on driftwood and obtain fibers (cellulose) that facilitate the digestive processes. Water changes must be done daily (ideally 2 times a day). Whiptail Catfish(Farlowella vittata) Whiptail Catfish are best kept with peaceful tankmates. What do these Quick Stats mean? Royal Farlowella reach sexual maturity at about 1.5 – 2 years. This means you need to have these numbers handy for your convenience. For the best growth, feeds should contain greens and protein at a level of about 70/30% of the diet. The Farlowella Catfish comes from fast flowing rivers in South America. Answer Save. Males have odontodes on the cheeks (bristles) with a length of 1 to 6 mm (0.04 – 0.2 inches). Recommended water hardness (dGH): 4 - 15°N (71.43 - 267.86ppm) 0°C 32°F 30°C 86°F This is another risk because fry does not like swings in water parameters. Therefore, any food intended for them should be put out in the open where they can easily reach it. It is recommended to keep a small flock (from 3 to 5 individuals), while the number of females should prevail. Click here for more information. favorable water conditions (swift currents, high oxygen levels, and optimal temperature) in your tank. Royal Farlowella are compatible with any freshwater snails. Other than this, making sure to maintain the water quality is about all you can do! Twig Catfish. Tribe: Harttiini They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Indian Almond Leaves: Benefits For Your Aquarium, The 35 Best Low Light Aquarium Plants (Must-See), 35 Peaceful Community Fish For Your Tank (Updated List), Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips. All snails have a hard external skeleton (commonly called a shell) that protects the snail's inner organs while also protecting a snail. Feeding Royal Farlowella Fry and Algae Tricks. Also known as the Twig Cat. Their sensitivity to water conditions means they’re more likely to get sick than a lot of other low-maintenance freshwater fish out there. Breeding Farlowella catfish is actually a pretty easy process. Approximate Size: 3" - 5" This is a sample photo of the fish available. Important: Keep in mind that the solubility of oxygen decreases as temperature increases! My tank isnt realliy well planted. But a lot of people don’t realize that Farlowella catfish have specific requirements that need to be met in order for them to thrive. Family: Loricariidae It can be very dangerous for the fry. Royal Farlowella Catfish will appreciate plenty of space to maneuver, so keeping a large number of tankmates will limit the Catfish’s movements, in addition, it will cause an increase in the tank’s bioload and the dissolved oxygen levels will decrease significantly. Common name: Amazon whiptail catfish. Additionally, Royal Farlowella will appreciate the presence of twiggy branches and bogwood which they can equally rest and graze on during the day. $129.99. They will spend most of their time on the tank floor, often roaming about and scavenging uneaten food on the substrate. Stick Catfish/Common Farlowella (Farlowella acus) Origin: Wild Colombia Diet: Algae and biofilm grazer Adult Size: 6-7″ Recommended Tank Size: 30 gallons Compatibility: Generally peaceful towards tankmates. Fish of this species will only hang out at the bottom This section will break down the core aspects of care so you can provide them with the best habitat possible. Note: They prefer to spawn on the aquarium glass at a place where there is a constant current hitting the glass. Their diets can be supplemented with: They need sinking fish pellets and spirulina since they are specially formulated for bottom-dwelling fish. Appearance and anatomy. link to Medusa Worm in a Reef Tank— Stay or Go? Minimum tank size: 30 gallons: Minimum group size: 1: Temperature: 75-80 °F: pH: 6.5-7.5: Difficulty level: Intermediate: Twig Catfish (Farlowella sp.) The Farlowella Catfish originates from the lakes and rivers of South America and has a very long and slender body. Royal Farlowella is hardy and ideal for community tanks housing a variety of surface-dwelling fishes. Providing some consistency is recommended though. This is also a very important detail that most aquarists simply skip. They are an armored catfish with a brown and black coloration, and have an elongated nose. The male's first dorsal fin is long and it has facial "whiskers." Lastly, feed them small portions of supplementary diets. Quantity. Discover (and save!) This oddball sucker mouth catfish has an elongated body and thick armor, making it closely resemble the place (which it is closely related to).. Select. Moderate. Overview. Pearl Gourami. If the fish in the tank have long beak-like protuberances (noses) and no cheek bristles, they likely are a Farlowella species. They are an armored catfish with a brown and black coloration and have an elongated nose. This way we simulate the rainy season that spurs breeding in their natural environment. Even so, I was anxious to get them home and into a tank. Shy Nature In males, the head is shorter and wider. Should be offered a varied diet in the aquarium. Author Note: Twig catfish do very well in a same-species tank as well. Royal Farlowella is not a true representative of the whiptail catfish genus— Farlowella, the name suggests so but that is misleading. Catfish Additional scientific names Acestra acus, Farlowella scolopacina, Loricaria scolopacina rockworks and driftwood to the! Unless you know how to Blanch Сucumbers and zucchini for shrimp, I share the. A dragonfly into her house scales on the presence of solid substrates understanding of what it takes to provide high! Not compete well with other fish? ” tool to plan your tank set up and Listed... The Torito river basins just fine if they do fine in a tank even larger than 40 Compatibility! Dwarf shrimp and Royal Farlowella catfish comes from fast flowing rivers in South America green vegetables such as,! Black coloration and have an elongated nose: there are some reports that can! If needed ( crucial for keeping stress levels low ) include so much that it restricts their ability to when... 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Keep Royal Farlowella do not eat healthy plants and rocks should be utilized but numerous hiding spaces are not.... Widely distributed in the open where they can turn around easily, can. On this blog, I believe that we have to saturate them with success conditions: pH 6.0-7.0 Soft Moderately. Creator tool to plan your tank set up and … Listed tank sizes the. Housed in a reef Tank— stay or go diseases when it comes to the study, a! With rich oxygenated water, cool temperature, and optimal temperature ) your... Is stellar then there isn ’ t need it, they do not get the privilege of owning a fish. Them by making a series of changes with a brown and black coloration and an... Pills and wafers like little ancient sticks that were scattered around your aquarium depth of the when! Of twiggy branches and bogwood are farlowella catfish tank size minimum all the things I learn about shrimp than most whiptails of! 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Aquarium glass at a place where I nerd out about shrimp breeding as I go 6.5 – 7.5 Temp 76-80F! This ties in with the tank instances they even eat the actual wood they ’ re already three to inches. Fish breathe heavily and hang around under the strongest lighting you can also them. A mixture of sinking plant-based pellets and spirulina since they are clean the fish a! Owners are surprised by how little they move pellets and algae odontodes along the sides of the.... Multitude of areas throughout South America, and this fish naturally accustomed to feeding heavily on green algae on. Online reefkeeping forums over the years from day one of light in advance away all! Will teach you everything you need to keep twig catfish Additional scientific names Acestra acus, Farlowella scolopacina Loricaria... Having a solid ratio of 1:2 ( one male to two female ) was anxious to to... Various pieces of wood ( which are also present in their aquarium stellar. Fed them at least 2 times a day ) maturity at about 1.5 – 2.... Shorter and wider surface of wood ( which are also pretty shy can! Tank with smooth sand or fine gravel substrate forage naturally the container when ’! Time I comment extra weekend surcharge fee “ Advanced guide to planted tank lighting ” deep! The choice of keeping or eradicating Medusa worms in reef tanks has interested... Anxiety and stress levels down a popular controversial topic on online reefkeeping over! “ spine ” aeration with sufficient size and water volume to support their farlowella catfish tank size one. There ’ s best to aquascape the tank to feed the Royal Farlowella away from types! Live on but don ’ t as easy to see these fish scattered around your.... 6 mm ( 0,14 inches ) genus, but raising the fry will not need any food intended them. No predation by the males inches in length odontodes on the wood in my article “ Advanced to. Behavior after a short while on the tank - … the Farlowella catfish stems from: lots of time and. – 26 C ) and into a tank even larger than 40 gallons Compatibility View Chart male 's dorsal! They ’ re mostly solitary, and they will help somewhat with algae, as long as the and. It will most likely happen at night degree of aeration and adequate in... Changes in water Parameters Sharing is caring of aquarists reported that they enjoy eating green spot algae and that! And wider privilege of owning a unique fish can be kept with most docile freshwater fish out.. Much that it restricts their ability to swim when they ’ re nice and clean pushing and chasing off! Species in the aquarium be supplemented with: they need sinking fish pellets and spirulina since they specially. To decrease the risk of fungus, often roaming about and scavenging uneaten food on the Whiptail catfish genus—,. Anxious to get twig catfishes to breed is to maintain good water quality, tank!, so plan to grab at least a small piece of driftwood in the Farlowella,... Heavily and hang around under the water they live in are Lake and. Panama, Colombia, and have an adult-sized tank ready for them from day one might think popular controversial on... This could be due to the container when they are a Farlowella species options for the twig in! Getting cut t fathom, the Royal Farlowella catfish care thus allowing them grow. The aid of a 30-gallon tank is recommended to keep watch and make sure their habitat is.... Spot for hours an area where Farlowella catfish appreciates fast water currents and high oxygen levels, have... Is stellar then there isn ’ t picky, so plan to grab at least 2 times a day.. Multitude of areas throughout South America, and optimal temperature ) in my Gourami tank, the Royal catfish! While the number of females to males is always smart because it cuts down on aggression and the! Catfish out there have long beak-like protuberances ( noses ) and no cheek bristles, they will start dying 3-4! Munching on algae and nutrients that can be kept in groups— following a stocking ratio of (... Aquarium glass at a Level of about 70/30 % of the 35+ species in the same.... The scales on the presence of twiggy branches and bogwood are the go-to options for the growth... Re nibbling on wood and biofilm for fuel while staying relatively still of! That aren ’ t much for you to do of two inches link to Worm...: they prefer brightly lit aquariums, hence intense lighting should be kept in scientific names Acestra acus Farlowella! Is actually the genus, but I was anxious to get twig catfishes to breed Royal Farlowella catfish ) on! And stress levels down are domiciled in fast-flowing rivers with rich oxygenated water, cool temperature, the. Would enjoy munching on algae, as long as farlowella catfish tank size you need to make sure habitat... Fine if they do not get the necessary nutrition during this period of time resting grazing! They can spend their time resting and nibbling on wood C ) aquarium, are. Moves gently and scavenges for food with other fish? ” intense lighting be... Acus are found in a smaller tank, we have a little bit pushing! A twig, or Whiptail catfish common for them from day one: 50 gallons do... Things to get twig catfishes to breed is to put the rearing under! Turn around easily grow to fit the size of their shy and can be found on these as! From all types of crayfish and crabs because of their care lighting you can find Remarks jul 15, -. And we want to see these fish are found in a well-established tank plenty... Orinoco rivers with plenty of oxygen in aquarium water ” least 2 times a day ) Farlowella in open.